The Ethan Allen Hitchcock Papers: This
collection consists of approximately 108 letters and documents received
by Ethan Allen Hitchcock (1798-1870). The materials date from December
11, 1856 through March 15, 1869. One item (folder 108) is not dated.
Correspondents include authors, soldiers, and relatives, among others.
Ethan Allen Hitchcock was an author and career officer in the U.S. Army.
During the Civil War he served as an advisor to Secretary of War
Stanton and eventually was chairman of the War Board, an advisory body
of military officers that served the President. He served on the
court-martial of Fitz John Porter along with Napoleon B. Buford, a
correspondent represented in this collection. In his spare time,
Hitchcock occupied himself with the study of literature and philosophy,
and earned a reputation as a man of learning.
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The W.E. Johnson Papers: The collection consists of 23 letters and a pocket diary from Confederate Army (i.e. C.S.A.) Lieutenant W.E. Johnson to his wife, father and other persons. Lt. Johnson and his wife appear to have been residents of Liberty Hill, Kershaw County, South Carolina. At the time of his writing these letters, Johnson and Ann, his wife, had two sons. All of the letters date from 1864 -- Johnson was in his late 30's when he wrote them. He was a private, then an officer in a South Carolina unit (Co. K, 7th SC Cavalry Regiment) and was captured in combat on May 30, 1864 at Cold Harbor, Virginia. He remained a prisoner-of-war until the end of the conflict (i.e., spring of 1865). As a prisoner-of-war, Johnson had the unfortunate honor of being a member of the group that has come to be known as the "Immortal Six Hundred," a group of about 600 captured Confederate officers. The Six Hundred were, by order of U.S. Secretary of War Edwin Stanton, transferred to and held in a prison camp on Morris Island exposed to Confederate artillery fire (due to the camp's proximity to Federal batteries). The camp on Morris Island was subject to shelling by Confederate occupied Fort Sumter (directly to the north of the island, in the harbor's mouth). The deliberate placement of the Confederate prisoners-of-war in harm's way was an act of retaliation by the Federal administration, who viewed the placement of Federal POWs in Charleston (ostensibly unduly exposed to Federal fire) as highly improper.
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The Lafayette McLaws Papers:
This collection consists of 7 letters from Confederate Army general
Lafayette McLaws to Philadelphia Press editor Isaac Pennypacker. McLaws
and his family were living in Savannah, Georgia when the letters were
written. The letters date from 1886 to 1888, when McLaws was in his late
60s and retired and spending his time composing articles and lectures.
McLaws reveals in these letters the nature of his notorious conflict
with General James Longstreet, who credited him for the failure of the
Attack on Fort Sanders, although McLaws claimed he was scapegoated. He
also discusses the character--or lack thereof--of many of his comrades
and opposing generals in the war. His primary focus is the Maryland
Campaign, a series of attacks in 1862 that is considered a major turning
point in the war, and in which McLaws fought alongside General
Longstreet, and against General Franklin, whom he also considers a poor
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The Mrs. George K. Scott Papers: The collection consists of 464 letters. The majority were written to Mrs. George K. Scott of Roanoke, Virginia from her two sons, Kenney and Shelby. Sergeant Kenney Scott and Lieutenant Shelby Scott were each stationed in Europe for some time during World War Two. Date range of collection: 1942-1945.
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The Walter M. Smith and Marie Smith Papers : Walter M. Smith, one of the presumed creators of these materials, resided in
Glenn Springs (S.C.) in Spartanburg County during the early 1880s and
attended the Citadel in Charleston (S.C.) in the mid-1880s. Marie Smith is also a presumed creator of some documents in this
collection. Her relation to Walter Smith is not evident within this
archival collection. Materials in this collection date from about 1884 through 1930. A highlight of the collection is the inclusion of three photo albums from around the turn of the 20th century.
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