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The Ethan Allen Hitchcock Papers  

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Biographical/Historical note
Scope and Contents note
Administrative Information: Preferred Citation and Provenance
Folder List
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Repository:   The Littlejohn Collection at Wofford College
Creator  Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870
Title:   The Ethan Allen Hitchcock Papers
Dates:   1856-1869
Quantity:   0.5 Linear feet; 1 archival box, 108 folders
Abstract:  This collection consists of approximately 108 letters and documents received by Ethan Allen Hitchcock (1798-1870). The materials date from December 11, 1856 through March 15, 1869. One item (folder 108) is not dated. Correspondents include authors, soldiers, and relatives, among others. Ethan Allen Hitchcock  was an author and career officer in the U.S. Army. During the Civil War he served as an advisor to Secretary of War Stanton and eventually was chairman of the War Board, an advisory body of military officers that served the President. He served on the court-martial of Fitz John Porter along with Napoleon B. Buford, a correspondent represented in this collection. In his spare time, Hitchcock occupied himself with the study of literature and philosophy, and earned a reputation as a man of learning.
Identification:   090123-01
Language:    

Biographical/Historical note 

Ethan Allen Hitchcock (May 18, 1798 – August 5, 1870) was an author and career officer in the U.S. Army. He was born in Vermont, grandson of Ethan Allen, and graduated from the U.S. Military Academy in 1817. He served at West Point, in the Seminole War, in the Pacific Northwest, and in the Mexican-American War. By 1851 he had reached the rank of colonel, and he resigned from the army in 1855, retiring to St. Louis, Mo.

In retirement, Hitchcock occupied himself with the study of literature and philosophy, as he had done in his spare time in the army. As evidenced within this collection, Hitchcock had numerous correspondents with whom he discussed his studies. An author of several books, Hitchcock’s most prominent works are “Swedenborg: A hermetic philosopher” (1858), “Remarks upon Alchemy and the Alchemists” (1857), and “Christ the Spirit: being an attempt to state the primitive view of Christianity” (1861).

When the American Civil War broke out Hitchcock returned to Washington, D.C. and was commissioned a major-general in the U.S. Army in 1862. He served as an advisor to Secretary of War Stanton and eventually was chairman of the War Board, an advisory body of military officers that served the President. He served on the court-martial of Fitz John Porter along with Napoleon B. Buford, a correspondent represented in this collection. Following that, Hitchcock was occupied with his duties as Commissioner for Prisoner of War Exchange until November 1865, at which time he became Commissary-General of Prisoners until 1867. He was mustered out of service in 1867 and moved to Charleston, SC and then to Sparta , Ga., where he died in 1870.

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Scope and Contents note

This collection consists of approximately 108 letters and documents received by Ethan Allen Hitchcock (1798-1870). The materials date from December 11, 1856 through March 15, 1869. One item (folder 108) is not dated. Correspondents represented in this collection are John S. Hittell (an author, gold miner, and journalist), W. Benedict ( a merchant from Boonville, Mo.), Alexander Wilder (an author), Isaac Pray (an author and playwright), James C. Welling (a journalist and educator), and Edwin James (a geologist). There are also a number of letters from relatives of Hitchcock, including Henry Hitchcock, Ethan Allen Hitchcock (nephew), and C.W. Hitchcock. In addition, Napoleon B. Buford, a wartime colleague of Hitchcock's in the Union Army, wrote several letter within this collection. Temple Buford also wrote one letter to Hitchcock.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation note

Items from this collection should be cited as follows

[Item name, i.e. "John S. Hittell to Ethan Allen Hitchcock, December 11, 1856"], Ethan Allen Hitchcock Papers, The Littlejohn Collection at Wofford College.

Provenance

Given to Wofford College by Broadus R. Littlejohn, Jr., 1925 - 2010, from his personal collection.

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Folder list  (PDF)

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From To Date yyyy-mm-dd Place Box Folder,i.e.001,002,003,etc.
Hittell, John S. (John Shertzer) 1825-1901 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1856-12-11 New York (N.Y.) 1 001
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1857-12-23 Boonville (Mo.) 1 002
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1858-01-18 Boonville (Mo.) 1 003
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1858-01-31 Boonville (Mo.) 1 004
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1858-02-13 Boonville (Mo.) 1 005
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1858-02-20 Boonville (Mo.) 1 006
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1858-03-07 Boonville (Mo.) 1 007
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1858-03-12 Boonville (Mo.) 1 008
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1858-03-14 Boonville (Mo.) 1 009
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1858-03-15 Boonville (Mo.) 1 010
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1858-04-11 Boonville (Mo.) 1 011
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1858-07-12 Boonville (Mo.) 1 012
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1858-08-09 Boonville (Mo.) 1 013
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1858-09-19 Boonville (Mo.) 1 014
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1858-10-19 Boonville (Mo.) 1 015
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1858-11-24 Boonville (Mo.) 1 016
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Dix, John A. (John Adams), 1798-1879 1858-12-03 Boonville (Mo.) 1 017
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Dix, John A. (John Adams), 1798-1879 1858-12-20 Boonville (Mo.) 1 018
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Dix, John A. (John Adams), 1798-1879 1858-12-28 Boonville (Mo.) 1 019
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1859-01-30 Boonville (Mo.) 1 020
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1859-02-21 Boonville (Mo.) 1 021
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1859-03-13 Boonville (Mo.) 1 022
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1859-03-21 Boonville (Mo.) 1 023
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Dix, John A. (John Adams), 1798-1879 1859-03-31 Boonville (Mo.) 1 024
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1859-05-06 Boonville (Mo.) 1 025
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1859-05-24 Boonville (Mo.) 1 026
Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1835-1909 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1859-05-31 Saint Joseph (Mo.) 1 027
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1859-06-06 Boonville (Mo.) 1 028
Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1835-1909 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1859-06-11 Saint Joseph (Mo.) 1 029
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 1859-06-20 Boonville (Mo.) 1 030
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1859-06-27 Boonville (Mo.) 1 031
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1859-07-25 Boonville (Mo.) 1 032
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1859-08-08 Boonville (Mo.) 1 033
  Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1835-1909 1859-08-11 Saint Louis (Mo.) 1 034
Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1835-1909 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1859-08-15 Saint Joseph (Mo.) 1 035
Benedict, W. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1859-08-22 Boonville (Mo.) 1 036
Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1835-1909 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1859-09-18 Saint Joseph (Mo.) 1 037
  Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1860-03-02 San Francisco (Calif.) 1 038
Hitchcock, C.W. Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1860-04-04 San Francisco (Calif.) 1 039
Hitchcock, Henry (1829-1902) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1860-08-10 Saint Louis (Mo.) 1 040
Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1835-1909 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1860-09-08 Saint Louis (Mo.) 1 041
Wilder, Alexander, 1823-1908 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1860-11-26 New York (N.Y.) 1 042
Wilder, Alexander, 1823-1908 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1860-12-02 New York (N.Y.) 1 043
Wilder, Alexander, 1823-1908 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1860-12-16 New York (N.Y.) 1 044
Wilder, Alexander, 1823-1908 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1860-12-22 New York (N.Y.) 1 045
James, Edwin, 1797-1861 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1861-03-06 Burlington (Iowa) 1 046
James, Edwin, 1797-1861 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1861-03-13 Burlington (Iowa) 1 047
James, Edwin, 1797-1861 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1861-03-20 Burlington (Iowa) 1 048
Hitchcock, C.W. Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1861-08-17 San Francisco (Calif.) 1 049
Pray, Isaac C. (Isaac Clarke), 1813-1869 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1861-12-31 Buffalo (N.Y.) 1 050
Pray, Isaac C. (Isaac Clarke), 1813-1869 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1862-01-08 Buffalo (N.Y.) 1 051
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1862-02-06 Cairo (Ill.) 1 052
Treat, S. (n.d.) Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1862-02-14 Saint Louis (Mo.) 1 053
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1862-02-28 Buffalo (N.Y.) 1 054
Pray, Isaac C. (Isaac Clarke), 1813-1869 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1862-03-02 New York (N.Y.) 1 055
Pray, Isaac C. (Isaac Clarke), 1813-1869 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1862-03-08 New York (N.Y.) 1 056
Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1835-1909 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1863-01-24 unknown 1 057
Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1835-1909 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1863-01-24 unknown 1 058
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1863-02-01 Cairo (Ill.) 1 059
Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1835-1909 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1863-02-17 Saint Louis (Mo.) 1 060
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1863-02-20 Cairo (Ill.) 1 061
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Dix, John A. (John Adams), 1798-1879 1863-04-12 Cairo (Ill.) 1 062
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1863-05-18 Cairo (Ill.) 1 063
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1863-05-31 Cairo (Ill.) 1 064
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1863-06-07 Cairo (Ill.) 1 065
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1863-06-26 Cairo (Ill.) 1 066
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1863-12-12 Helena (Ark.) 1 067
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1863-12-28 Helena (Ark.) 1 068
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1864-01-07 Helena (Ark.) 1 069
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1864-01-14 Helena (Ark.) 1 070
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1864-01-21 Helena (Ark.) 1 071
Buford, Temple Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 1864-02-04 Washington (D.C.) 1 072
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1864-02-14 Helena (Ark.) 1 073
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1864-02-27 Helena (Ark.) 1 074
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1864-03-05 Helena (Ark.) 1 075
Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1835-1909 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1864-03-14 unclear 1 076
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1864-04-07 Helena (Ark.) 1 077
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1864-04-19 Helena (Ark.) 1 078
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1864-04-20 Helena (Ark.) 1 079
Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1835-1909 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1864-05-18 unclear 1 080
Dix, John A. (John Adams), 1798-1879 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1864-06-27 New York (N.Y.) 1 081
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1864-07-09 Helena (Ark.) 1 082
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1864-08-09 Cairo (Ill.) 1 083
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1864-08-20 Cleveland (Ohio) 1 084
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1864-08-29 Cleveland (Ohio) 1 085
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1864-09-08 Cleveland (Ohio) 1 086
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1864-10-08 Memphis (Tenn.) 1 087
Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1835-1909 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1864-10-14 unclear 1 088
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1864-12-06 Helena (Ark.) 1 089
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1865-01-29 Cambridgeport (Mass.) 1 090
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1865-03-02 Helena (Ark.) 1 091
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1865-03-15 Cleveland (Ohio) 1 092
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1865-05-02 Chicago (Ill.) 1 093
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1865-06-19 Newburyport (Mass.) 1 094
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1865-07-18 Bangor (Me.) 1 095
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1865-08-04 East Gloucester (Mass.) 1 096
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1865-09-17 East Gloucester (Mass.) 1 097
Welling, James C. (James Clarke), 1825-1894 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1865-12-01 Washington (D.C.) 1 098
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1865-12-20 Cambridgeport (Mass.) 1 099
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1866-04-08 Deerfield (Mass.) 1 100
Wright, [?] A. (n.d.) Tratt, H.D.J. 1866-04-18 Berlin (Germany) 1 101
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1866-04-24 New York (N.Y.) 1 102
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1866-12-16 Cambridgeport (Mass.) 1 103
Wilder, Alexander, 1823-1908 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1867-05-17 New York (N.Y.) 1 104
Wilder, Alexander, 1823-1908 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1867-09-05 New York (N.Y.) 1 105
Buford, Napoleon B., 1807-1883 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1867-09-21 Rock Island County (Ill.) 1 106
Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1835-1909 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870 1869-03-15 Saint Louis (Mo.) 1 107
Dix, John A. (John Adams), 1798-1879 Hitchcock, Ethan Allen, 1798-1870   unclear 1 108

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