• 4 students passing a red snake around
  • Stefanie H. BakerStefanie H. Baker, Associate Professor, Biology
    B.S., Clemson University
    M.S., North Carolina State University
    Ph.D., Clemson University
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    Dr. Baker received her B.S. in microbiology from Clemson University (where she played trumpet in Tiger Band!), her M.S. in microbiology from North Carolina State University, and her Ph.D. in genetics from Clemson University. Her master’s work focused on protein phosphatase type I in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and her Ph.D. work involved characterization of carboxysomes in Halothiobacillus neapolitanus. Baker conducted a post-doctoral research project at Clemson University in the Food Science Department investigating bacteriocins from Propionibacterium. Before joining the faculty at Wofford College in 2008, she taught at Erskine College where she won several teaching awards.  Baker is fascinated by microbiology and bacteria specifically. She enjoys collaborating with colleagues during the January Interim term. She worked with Chemistry Professor Dr. Jameica Hill to develop a Forensics course and with Dr. Natalie Spivey on “Living in a Microbial World."

    She is the faculty advisor for Wofford’s chapter of Beta Beta Beta, the biological honor society and serves on the College Curriculum Committee.

    Baker teaches sophomore level courses (Genetics 212 and Cell Biology 214), Microbiology (324), and Cellular Biochemistry (433).  She’s wife to Greg, mother to Matthew, and caregiver to Jackson and Bella (her family dogs) all of whom provide teaching examples and stories for the classroom and lab.
    Noel A. BrownleeDr. Noel A. Brownlee, Adjunct Professor of Biology
    B.A. and B.S., Wofford College
    Ph.D., Medical University of South Carolina
    M.D., University of South Carolina
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    Dr. Brownlee is a pathologist serving Bon Secours Saint Francis Hospital System in Greenville, SC. While his primary responsibilities are as a practicing physician, Dr. Brownlee has a strong interest in undergraduate and medical education.

    Dr. Brownlee is a 1993 Phi Beta Kappa graduate of the Wofford College. He earned his Ph.D. in experimental pathology with emphasis in cancer cell biology at the Medical University of South Carolina. His thesis work involved work in characterization of drug resistance mechanisms in pediatric renal tumors.

    Dr. Brownlee completed his M.D. at the University of South Carolina and a residency in anatomic and clinical pathology at Duke and Wake Forest University Medical Centers. During his medical training, he was elected to Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society. He completed a surgical pathology fellowship and served on the faculty of Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Dr. Brownlee’s primary clinical research interests include topics in pulmonary and urologic disease.

    Since 2008, Dr. Brownlee has often offered a course in the biology department – Biology 480 (Human Disease). In addition, Dr. Brownlee has also participated in Biology 280 (Case Studies in Biomedicine) in collaboration with Dr. George Shiflet, as well as serving as a guest lecturer in Cancer Biology, Histology, and interim courses including forensic sciences. Since 2010, Dr. Brownlee has also served as an Associate Professor of Pathology at the Edward Via College of Osteopathic Medicine and currently serves as the Director of Medical Student Education at the college’s clinical training site at Bon Secours St. Francis Hospitals. He also is appointed a Clinical Associate Professor of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology at the University of South Carolina School of Medicine.

    Dr. Brownlee is very active in a variety of national professional societies including the College of American Pathologists. He has served in the House of Delegates and on the Education, Graduate Medical Education, Publications, Surgical Pathology and Federal and State Affairs Committees.

    Dr. Brownlee enjoys offering his experiences in the basic and medical sciences to Wofford students and notes that is was from the mentorship of a 1956 Wofford graduate, pathologist Dr. Charles Webb, that he first became interested in the biomedical sciences.

    Dr. Brownlee enjoys spending time with his wife, internist Dr. Caroline Brownlee, and two sons, as well as participating is medical missions trips and traveling.
    Lisa CantwellDr. Lisa Cantwell
    B.S., University of North Carolina, Asheville
    Ph.D., University of Tennessee, Knoxville
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    Dr. Lisa Cantwell joins us for one year as a Visiting Assistant Professor of Biology. She teaches lectures and labs for Bio 150 and 151students. Dr. Cantwell earned the B.S. in Biology from University of North Carolina, Asheville and, in 2016, a Ph.D. in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. Although she has 11 years of experience working in veterinary clinics, she aspires to a career teaching biology to undergraduates and sharing her love of science and the outdoors. She enjoys hiking and hunting for critters in creeks. When indoors she likes a challenging jigsaw puzzle and reads psychological thrillers by Stephen King, Dean Koontz, and Robin Cook. She commutes from Asheville where she resides with her husband, three dogs and a 20-year old iguana.
    Lori CruzeDr. Lori Cruze, Visiting Assistant Professor of Biology
    B.S., University of Tennessee
    Ph.D., University of Florida
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    Dr. Cruze earned her B.S. at University of Tennessee and her Ph.D. at the University of Florida. Prior to attending graduate school, Cruze worked as a research technician in the Phillips’ lab at the University of Oregon, where she studied thermal preference, reproduction, and sperm competition in the soil nematode, Caenorhabditis elegans. At the University of Florida, she investigated the evolution of steroid hormone synthesis and signaling in the extra-embryonic membranes of egg-laying amniotes (birds, crocodilians, and turtles). Before joining the Wofford’s faculty in 2015 as a visiting assistant professor, she worked at the Medical University of South Carolina as a postdoctoral fellow and research assistant professor studying the effects of prenatal exposure to endocrine-disrupting contaminants on development in baby boys and girls.

    Cruze is fascinated by how environmental factors, such as temperature and environmental contaminants, affect reproductive physiology and embryonic development. She collaborates with colleagues at the Medical University of South Carolina on human exposure to phthalates and bisphenol A. For the summer of 2016 Dr. Cruze was awarded a grant from the South Carolina Independent Colleges and Universities to supervise a student research project with C. elegans on the Wofford Campus.

    Cruze enjoys live-music, backpacking, gardening, and spending time with her chocolate lab, Jed.

    She teaches both first year courses (Bio 150 and 151) with passion and her students rave about her effectiveness in course evaluations. This is one reason her position has been converted to the tenure track. She will offer upper division courses in her specialties of Physiology (342) and eagerly anticipates creating a Developmental Biology course for Wofford students.

    G. R. DavisG.R. Davis, McCalla Professor of Biology and Chair
    B.S., Campbell University
    Ph.D., University of North Carolina
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    Dr. Davis received his B.S. in Biology from Campbell University and his Ph.D. in physiology from the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill where he investigated the normal development of the nervous system in larval and metamorphosing bullfrogs. He conducted two years of post-doctoral research on anatomical and behavioral recovery from spinal cord injury in lampreys at the University of Missouri. Previously an assistant professor of biology at Wingate College, Davis came to Wofford in 1993.

    Davis teaches second-semester course in the newly created and highly innovative Biology 150-151 series for which Wofford is receiving national acclaim. He attempts to make topics and skills emphasized in that course relevant to all students regardless of their major academic interests.

    In Human Physiology (342) and Histology (344), he tells personal stories as vivid examples of physiology and pathophysiology. He was named the South Carolina Independent Colleges and University Teacher of the Year for Wofford in 2007, the same year his first collaborative book was published by the Hub City Writers Project. “The Cottonwood Trail: Glimpses of Wildness in the Heart of Spartanburg” has his photographs and those of his frequent travel companion Wofford Art Historian Dr. Peter Schmunk and essays by Thomas Webster.

    During a nine-day visit to Africa University (AU) in Old Mutare, Zimbabwe in 2007 arranged by Dr. Ab Abercrombie (Wofford Professor Emeritus of Biology), Davis interviewed and photographed AU farm workers and their families. That work was incorporated into another book “Africa University: Thy Wonders Displayed” with co-authors Drs. Ab Abercrombie, Terry Ferguson (Wofford Environmental Studies) and Chris Hope (retired chair of Sociology at the College of Charleston.)

    Following a January 2012 Travel Study Project to Zimbabwe and Kenya with Biology colleague Dr. John Moeller, Davis remained in Zimbabwe until May on faculty development leave to teach Anatomy and Physiology to a dozen nursing students in AU’s Faculty of Health Sciences. Again, he was very active with his trusty Nikon camera and produced a book and an exhibition of photographs with extended captions entitled “A Sojourn in Africa.” That semester-long experience in Zimbabwe profoundly affected Davis’s teaching style. With frequent power outages on AU’s campus, Davis spent more class time using the chalkboard and found that in many situations, board-work is more conducive to learning than slick Powerpoint presentations.

    An avid photographer, Dr. Davis enjoys sharing that passion with his students. Look in Wofford’s library for a copy of “Life in Nambia and South Africa,” a 100 page book of photographs and essays by students who participated in the Janaury 2014 Interim he and Dr. Moeller organized.

    Davis has co-sponsored a dozen January travel study projects to fourteen countries in South America, Europe and Africa with colleagues from Art History, Foreign Languages, and Biology.

    Davis is quite proud of a self-published book of photographs entitled “Surface Encounters” comprised of photographs he’s made in a dozen countries. Yes, you can find a copy of this one in Wofford’s library, too.

    In 2007 he made his first wilderness backing trip into Wyoming’s Wind River Range with Dr. Schmunk. In subsequent summers, they’ve explored the Wyoming’s Grand Tetons, Idaho’s Sawtooth Range, and the Ansel Adams Wilderness in California’s Sierra Nevada Range. For 2016 he’ll backpack in Montana’s Beartooth Range. Closer to home, he camps with Schmunk and Professor Emeritus of Chemistry Dr. David Whisnant at their favorite spot on Looking Glass Rock just north of Brevard, NC.

    Named the Dr. and Mrs. Larry Hearn McCalla Professor of Biology in May 2014, Davis became chair of the Biology Department in May of 2015.
    Stacey R. HettesStacey R. Hettes, Associate Professor, Biology, Associate Provost for Faculty Development
    B.S., King's College
    Ph.D., University of California, Riverside
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    Dr. Stacey Hettes earned her B.S. degree from Kings College in 1996 and her Ph.D. from the University of California-Riverside in 2003. She is a native of Lake Wallenpaupack, Penn. In August 2003, she came to Wofford, where her dream job to teach at a residential liberal arts college awaited her. She credits exceptional teachers at both King’s and UC- Riverside, most notably Dr. Joan Coffin and Dr. Glenn Stanley for cultivating her passion for teaching.

    Hettes believes whole heartedly in liberal arts education. Her interest in teaching extends well beyond traditional classroom lecture and laboratory exercises. Thus, she is excited to work with students on research investigating the neurobiological basis of feeding behavior. Her work aims to elucidate how neural activity in the area of the brain known as the hypothalamus initiates complex goal oriented behaviors such as eating. Through teaching a research methods course, she has the opportunity to work with many of our bio majors on hands on scientific investigation. Some projects have resulted in the opportunity for students to continue with advanced research and to present their findings at scientific meetings spanning the nation from Washington, D.C., to San Diego, Calif.

    Beyond the Biology Department, Hettes encourages hands-on learning across the curriculum and is a proponent of rolling up our sleeves and learning by doing. During Interim, she offers a pottery course to students to experience wheel throwing pottery. She is involved with active and service learning opportunities with the Beta Beta Beta Biology Club and the Wofford College Pottery Club. She strives to balance intellectual inquiry, experiential learning, freedom of expression, and pursuing new areas of knowledge and understanding. She received the Roger Milliken Award for Excellence in the Teaching of Science in 2009.

    Her passion for her students’ education is matched only by her love of her dogs, Pepper and Chili, and her desire to spend time with her family.

    Hettes regularly teaches Cellular Neurobiology (447), Systems Neurobiology (448), Research Methods in Neurobiology (351), Advanced Topics in Research (Bio 450), and Introduction to Cellular Biology (214). She’s also taught Human Physiology (342) and the second semester of the course for first year students (Bio 151).

    Dr. Hettes was chosen to serve the college as Associate Provost for Faculty Development for a three-year period beginning in 2015. She played a crucial role in creating Wofford’s sabbatical program that was endorsed by the faculty in the spring of 2016. While serving as Associate Provost, Dr. Hettes continues to teach one course each semester.
    Tracie IvyTracie M. Ivy, Assistant Professor
    B.S., University of Illinois M.S., Illinois State University Ph.D., Illinois State University  
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    Dr. Ivy grew up in Central Illinois and stayed close to home for her B.S. at University of Illinois (Urbana-Champaign) and her M.S. and Ph.D. at Illinois State University. She also completed graduate work at New Mexico State University. Her Master’s and Ph.D. work focused on the evolution of mating behavior in crickets, with behavioral and quantitative genetics work in the lab and field work at Grand Teton National Park, along with collecting expeditions across the country. She spent 2 years as a postdoctoral fellow at Universität Zürich studying the behavioral genetics of dung fly mate choice and development. She then traveled back to the U.S. to research the genetics of ethanol tolerance in fruit flies at the University of Rochester before joining the faculty of Wofford in 2010. She collaborates with colleagues at Illinois State University on maternal investment in house wrens. At Wofford, she and her students are continuing the research on ethanol tolerance in several strains of fruit flies.

    Dr. Ivy takes particular care to assure the success of first year students in her courses in Biological Inquiry (150) and Biological Development (151). Introduction to Biostatistics (241) is a course she developed to share her passion for statistics. She leads the Seminar in Human Evolution (310) and is excited to teach a new course she is creating in Conservation Biology (305). In her Research and Communication in Evolution (352) course, students design, conduct, and communicate an original research project working as a team. Problem-based learning and case studies are frequent components in her courses.

    Ivy enjoys hiking, motorcycling, knitting, and hanging out with her numerous cats. She shares her love of reading by moderating the Faculty Book Club where she and colleagues from across the Wofford campus have read and discussed Sigmond Freud, Confucious, and Darwin’s Origin of Species. She’s also involved with Wofford’s Peer Tutoring network and was elected by the faculty to serve on the President Samhat’s Advisory Council.
    David I. KusherDavid I. Kusher, Professor, Biology
    B.S., University of California, Santa Barbara
    M.S., San Francisco State University
    Ph.D., University of Georgia
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    Dr. Kusher joined the Wofford faculty in 1996.  He received his B.S. in aquatic biology from the University of California Santa Barbara, his M.S. in marine biology at Moss Landing Marine Laboratories (through San Francisco State University), and his Ph.D. in zoology from the University of Georgia. As global shark populations are collapsing, his master’s research focused on age, growth and reproduction in sharks. As environmental contamination increases, his doctoral research examined cellular and molecular responses of fish to toxic metals.

    Kusher conducted three post-doctoral research projects, each of which examined stress induced immunosuppression as it relates to cancer development. At first he was a National Institute of Health Immunology Research Fellow at Emory University and continued immunology research at the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and All Children's Hospital.

    Kusher teaches both freshman and upper level courses: (Biological Inquiry (150), Marine Biology (385), Freshwater Biology (386), Ecotoxicology (383), and Case Studies in Environmental Issues (497). During Interim, Kusher teaches coral reef biology and SCUBA diving on the reefs of Bonaire (Netherland Antilles, southern Caribbean) and Little Cayman Island.

    Students know Dr. Kusher as a passionate scientist that uses environmental current events in class discussions to not only understand the biology of an ecosystem, but also to examine how politics impact the system. Every course he teaches is infused with how science in general and biology in particular has real world applications and consequences. Many of his courses incorporate field-based laboratory experiences in nearby mountain streams and lakes and in coastal estuaries in which students work with South Carolina DNR, DEHC and coastal marine scientists to see with their own eyes the impact of human activities on the environment. Through his numerous contacts he arranges summer internships for students to conduct field and laboratory research.

    Kusher’s two teenage sons are accomplished soccer players. He and his boys are often seen cheering Wofford’s Mens and Womens soccer teams at their matches on Snyder Field.
    Geoffrey C. MitchellDr. Geoffrey C. Mitchell, Assistant Professor
    B.S., Furman University
    Ph.D., University of Arizona
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    Dr. Mitchell received his B.S. in Biology from Furman University before earning a Ph.D. in Cancer Biology from the University of Arizona. His dissertation focused on the role of a specific transcription factor, p63, in modulating the acute and long-term effects of radiation therapy for head and neck tumors on non-diseased salivary glands. As a postdoctoral researcher, he joined another lab at the University of Arizona, where he studied how eukaryotic cells make a decision about whether or not to divide. This interest in cell cycle regulation and a love for SCUBA diving inspired Mitchell to initiate a new research program while working as a visiting assistant professor at Colby College; he is trying to determine how coral cells and the algae that reside within them coordinate their cell divisions to maintain a healthy symbiosis. This is an important issue today because rising ocean temperatures are interfering with this delicate symbiosis, causing massive changes to reef ecosystems across the globe.

    Mitchell joined Wofford’s faculty in 2015 and teaches Genetics (212), Cellular Biochemistry (433), and Cell Biology (214). In his spare time, he enjoys climbing on rock and ice, especially on the grand scale. His summits include Mt. Rainier, a winter ascent of Mt. Whitney (the highest peak in the lower 48), the Grand Teton, and Mont Blanc. He hopes to weave his love for the mountains into an exciting Interim.
    John F. MoellerJohn F. Moeller, Associate Professor and Vice-Chair
    B.A., University of California, San Diego
    Ph.D., University of California, Santa Barbara
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    Dr. Moeller received his B.A. in animal physiology from the University of California, San Diego, and his Ph.D. in biology from the University of California, Santa Barbara. His graduate work focused on the sensory physiology, anatomy, and behavior of deep water crustaceans of the Pacific Ocean. Moeller conducted a post-doctoral research project at Florida State University investigating the role chemosensory systems play in reproductive behavior. These studies focused on the neural pathways that mediate chemosensory signals in sharks and stingrays. He also has participated in projects developing aquaculture techniques for Pacific sturgeon and in studies examining retinal development in amphibians.

    Moeller taught for six years at St Andrews Presbyterian College and served as chair of the department for five years. While at St. Andrews, his research shifted to communication and behavior in various species of insects, especially wasps. His current research focuses on wingless wasps commonly known as velvet ants. Most of these organisms are solitary parasites on the larvae of ground nesting bees and wasps. With Wofford students he investigates how these velvet ants locate the nests of their hosts. Their results have been shared at the annual meetings of the Association of Southeastern Biologists and the Animal Behavior Society.

    For several years Moeller was the Lead Advisor for Health Careers. He maintains close relationships with the South Carolina Medical Schools and their admissions personnel. He is one of several Wofford Biologists that organize medical internships during the January Interim term.

    He and Dr. Davis enjoy leading January Travel Projects to southern Africa where they investigate desert ecology and conservation on safaris in Namibia and Kenya. They guided students to consider the natural and cultural histories of South Africa and Zimbabwe during stays in Cape Town and Old Mutare, respectively.

    Although Dr. Moeller is an avid reader of scientific literature, his commitment to the liberal arts is manifest in many ways, one of which was to marry Dr. Tracy Revels, a Professor of History. The two were married on a tour boat in Wakulla Springs, Florida, the site of some of his field work during his time at the University of Florida and the subject of Dr. Revel’s first book written as a young historian.

    In 2015 Dr. Moeller was the recipient of two prestigious awards: The South Carolina Independent Colleges and Universities Teacher of the Year for Wofford College, and Wofford’s Milliken Award for Excellence in the Teaching of Science.

    Moeller regularly teaches Biology Concepts and Methods (150), Bio 151, and Human Physiology (342). His course in Animal Behavior (392) is always popular. Moeller’s teaching techniques include “flipping the classroom” in which most of the class meeting time is devoted to a discussion of information that students read or watch beforehand.
    Robert E. MossRobert E. Moss, McCalla Professor of Biology, Biology
    B.S., University of Pennsylvania
    Ph.D., Harvard University
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    Dr. Moss received his B.S. degree in biochemistry from the University of Pennsylvania and his Ph.D. degree in cell and developmental biology from Harvard University. His research focused on how genes guide development. After completing his degree, Moss worked at the National Headquarters of the American Cancer Society for two years; cancer always has been one focus of his studies. Before coming to Wofford in 1992, Moss taught at Columbia, Fordham, and Yeshiva Universities in New York. A life-long learner, Dr. Moss’s concern for public health in the aftermath of 9/11motivated him to complete coursework in Public Health at USC, and a 6 month sabbatical internship at DHEC, South Carolina’s public health agency. He was named the Dr. and Mrs. Larry Hearn McCalla Professor of Biology in 2015.

    For many years, Dr. Moss chaired the Health Careers Advisors Committee and continues to be very involved in advising for health careers, especially Physician Assistants and Genetic Counseling. He coordinates off-campus internships for students with health-related career interests through Wofford's Interim Program.

    Past Interims include in-depth studies of cancer, clinical internships with hospitals and physicians nation-wide, and one entitled “Getting into Medical School.” He has lead January Travel Interim projects to Japan to study Japanese culture, as well as to Israel and Jordan, where he and his students investigated the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

    Moss teaches introduction to Genetics and Molecular Biology (212), Immunology (423), Human Genetics Seminar (421), Molecular Biology and Genomics (436), Developmental Biology (331), Current Topics in Biology (360), Case Studies in Public Health (493). He also teaches Cancer Biology (482) and Medical Terminology (301). He frequently includes cases studies as a way to delve deeply into course topics. He is a passionate advocate for journal clubs in which students critically read scientific literature.
    Doug Rayner in GreenhouseDouglas A. Rayner, Professor, Biology
    B.S., University of New Hampshire
    M.A., Ph.D., University of South Carolina
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    Dr. Rayner received his B.S. degree from the University of New Hampshire and his M.A. and Ph.D. in biology (botany and ecology emphasis) from the University of South Carolina.  Rayner came to Wofford in 1989. Previously, he was employed as botanist and inventory coordinator with the Non-game and Heritage Trust Program of the South Carolina Wildlife Department, where his responsibilities included conducting statewide inventories for plants and unique natural areas. His present research interests include the population biology of rare and endangered plants, the identification of unique natural areas, the effect of deer browse on plant diversity, the impact of invasive plant species on plant and animal diversity, and how ecosystems recover when invasive species are removed. Students are co-authors on publications in all these areas and present their findings at state and regional scientific meetings.

    Rayner is co-author of “A Guide to the Wildflowers of South Carolina” which is used as the textbook courses that lead to the designation as a Master Naturalist. Of course he uses this book in his field botany class.

    Rayner is also a private biological consultant on endangered plants, animals and wetlands; a past member of the board of directors of the Spartanburg Science Center; a scientific advisor to the SPACE (the local land conservation trust); and he has been active in committee work for the Association of Southeastern Biologists and the Southern Appalachian Botanical Society. 

    He first became affiliated with S.C. Nature Conservancy in 1979 as a scientific advisor. He is currently serving his fourth three-year term as a trustee. The Nature Conservancy is the largest land conservation organization in the world with offices in 50 states and more than 35 countries.

    Rayner places students in internships and independent interim projects through his numerous contacts with the SC Department of Natural Resources, the Nature Conservancy and other agencies.

    These affiliations clearly demonstrate Rayner’s commitment to applying scientific methods to issues relating to conservation and the environment. He has given numerous invited talks.

    One of Rayner’s January Interim projects introduces students to medical/economic botany, with an emphasis on those plants affecting human health. He often collaborates with Sociology Professor Dr. Gerald Thurmond. Together they lead January Travel-Study Interims to Belize, Ecuador and the Galapagos Islands, and canoe/kayaking trips to south Georgia and Florida. These professor-led projects emphasize conservation and the impacts of humans. In Belize and Ecuador, students gain insights into how local people interact with their environments. In the Galapagos Islands, students experience firsthand the world’s greatest laboratory for studying natural selection and evolution.

    An avid birdwatcher and expert fisherman, he often escapes to Eastatoee Gorge where trout find his techniques irresistible. On Friday afternoons you might find him in Andrews Field house playing basketball with faculty colleagues, none of whom are intimidated by youthful hoopsters.

    Rayner teaches Bio 150, field biology (370), field botany (372), evolution (399), plants and the ecosystem (313) and ecology (382).

    Micki C. RoddyMicki C. Roddy, Administrative Assistant

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    Mrs. Roddy is the first face you see when you enter the Biology Office Suite on the second floor of Milliken Science Building. She’s usually at her desk from 7:30 am until 2:30 pm during the academic year. She’s the person to ask if you need to be pointed in the right direction. She knows who’s who and what’s where. Mrs. Roddy is a major reason the biology department operates smoothly. Her job ranges from setting up appointments with the department chair for students declaring their major in biology to uploading pre-med students’ information to the medical school application service to tracking down professors and just about everything in between. On those days when you just need a little pick-me-up to keep you going, she has a bucket of candy that she loves to share to help you make it through the day.

    Mrs. Roddy received an Associates Degree from Greenville Technical College, and worked as a paralegal for many years after staying home with her two children, Morgan and Sam, for several years. She lives with her husband Sammy in Pauline just south of Spartanburg. Morgan already has her heart set on coming to Wofford and Sam loves the snakes we have for teaching purposes in a special facility on the first floor.
    George Shiflet in officeGeorge W. Shiflet, Professor Emeritus
    B.A., Furman University
    M.S., Ph.D., Vanderbilt University
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    Dr. Shiflet received his B.S. degree from Furman University and his M.S. and Ph.D. in biology (zoology and botany) from Vanderbilt University. For 13 years he taught at Erskine College, where he also served as chairman of the department for 10 years. Shiflet came to Wofford in 1987 and was named chair of the Department of Biology in 1992. Originally trained as an aquatic ecologist, Shiflet expanded his research interests into the areas of molecular/cellular biology, simulation and modeling of biological systems, and genetics. For many summers, Shiflet was a visiting researcher in the Department of Zoology, University of California-Berkeley, where he studied the control of gene expression in the early embryos of sea urchins. He helped develop a rapid screening test for Fragile X Syndrome at the Greenwood Genetic Center and was a visiting scientist at the Neuropsychiatric Institute at UCLA Medical Center. There he studied regulation of arginase, an enzyme of the urea cycle, that may also play a role in the development of several types of cancer.

    Shiflet collaborated with practicing physicians on a case-based course in biomedicine. Selected students consider real medical cases, much as real physicians do. The tremendous impact of this course on biology majors encouraged Shiflet to develop two other case-based courses — Public Health and Environmental Problems.

    Shiflet has a strong interest in environmental and tropical biology. He conducted numerous Interim courses in tropical areas (Ecuador/Galapagos, Venezuela, Brazil, Peru, Costa Rica, Kenya, Australia, Hawaii and various Caribbean islands).

    Shiflet continues to collaborate with his wife, Dr. Angela B. Shiflet, professor emeritus and retired chair of the Department of Computer Science, to develop computational modules for the Keck Foundation. Their textbook "Computational Science: Modeling and Simulation for the Sciences," was published by Princeton University Press in March, 2006.

    Shiflet served as department chair until 2010, during which time the biology faculty expanded from five to thirteen members. He passed that baton on to Dr. Ellen Goldey so that he could pursue other interests.

    Shiflet taught Microbiology (324), Advanced Topics in Cell Biology (433), and developed the Case Studies in Biomedicine (495), Public Health (493), and Environmental Issues (497). He created a new course in Nutrition (490).
    Charles F. SmithCharles F. Smith, Associate Professor, Biology
    B.S., University of South Carolina
    Ph.D., University of Connecticut
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    Dr. Smith received a Ph.D. from the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Connecticut, Storrs, and a B.S. in biology from the University of South Carolina in Columbia magna cum laude. Prior to joining the Wofford faculty in 2009, Smith held an appointment as a National Science Foundation Pre-Doctoral Research Fellow and concurrently taught in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Connecticut, Storrs, where he combined his work on snake mating system evolution with teaching upper-level and introductory courses such as vertebrate biology and biological principles.

    Smith’s research interests center on the evolution of mating systems, especially in the links between spatial ecology, behavior, morphology and physiology, and the fitness benefits and costs arising from each of these attributes at the population level. His research combines field (e.g., radio-tracking, GIS analysis) and laboratory (e.g., endocrinological, histological, molecular) approaches to address hypotheses about the spatial ecology and reproductive physiology of pitviper snakes. As part of his research program, Smith has been collaborating for the past five years with Dr. Gordon W. Schuett (Georgia State University), Dr. Warren Booth (The University of Tulsa), and Brenna Levine (a Ph.D. candidate at The University of Arkansas) in applying molecular techniques to directly measure male fitness in free-ranging snakes. Much of Dr. Smith’s research centers on a population of northern copperhead snakes located in the central Connecticut River valley, which he has studied continuously for the past fifteen years.

    Currently, Dr. Smith holds an appointment as a research scientist with Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Connecticut; serves as a peer-reviewer for scientific journals such as Copeia, Journal of Experimental Zoology, and Animal Behaviour; and co-directs a non-profit scientific research organization devoted to studies of pitviper snakes. In 2014, Smith was an organizer of an international symposium held in Tulsa, Oklahoma, (Biology of the Pitvipers) that brought together many of the leading researchers in snake biology. He is also co-editing a book “The Rattlesnakes of Arizona” that will be published in late 2015.

    Dr. Smith teaches Biology of the Vertebrates (322), a research seminar course in evolution (310), and the first year Biological Inquiry courses (150 and 151) as well as interim travel courses to Central and South America to study ecology and ecotourism.
    Natalie W. SpiveyNatalie W. Spivey, Assistant Professor, Biology
    B.S., Emory University
    Ph.D., Duke University
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    Dr. Spivey grew up in Orlando, Florida. Recognizing the value of a liberal arts education, she spent her first two years of college at Oxford College of Emory University and her final two years on Emory’s main campus in Atlanta, where she earned a B.S. in Biology. She then entered the cell and molecular biology graduate program at Duke University. Her dissertation research focused on the interaction between plants and pathogens. Using microarray technology, she investigated the changes in gene expression that occur when Arabidopsis thaliana, a plant model organism, is infected with the bacterial pathogen Pseudomonas syringae. This led to the discovery of novel transcriptional regulators that control the plant’s immune response. 
    Dr. Spivey joined the biology faculty at Wofford in 2009 and has made critically important contributions during the development and refinement of our award-winning first year course sequence (Bio 150 and 151.) She regularly teaches Introduction to Genetics and Molecular Biology (212) and offers courses in Microbiology (324) and the Seminar in Genetics and Genomics (311.)  Her expertise in the regulation of gene expression makes her very well suited to teach a variety of courses that students find fascinating and relevant.
    For the past several years, Dr. Spivey organized and hosted the Rapid Research Round-Up early in the fall semester.  At this event, Wofford students who participated in summer research internships at various institutions across the country and around the globe described their work in short presentations during a session attended by the Biology faculty and interested students.  This event emphasizes the accomplishments of Wofford students who gain valuable research experience and it inspires other students to pursue such opportunities.  Beginning in the Fall of 2015, Dr. Smith will organize and host the Rapid Research Round-Up as Dr. Spivey takes on a different important role.
    As the new Coordinator for Health Careers Advising she assists students in planning for their lives after Wofford. Working with Dr. George Tyson (retired cardiologist, Wofford Class of ‘72) and others, Dr. Spivey arranges mock medical school interviews with local physicians, many of whom are Wofford alums.  She hosts representatives from the Admissions Offices of state and regional medical schools who come to Wofford to meet our students and describe their programs and admissions processes.  Dr. Spivey maintains a website specifically for students interested in careers in medicine.  It has detailed information about timelines, admissions standards and requirements, MCAT preparation and tips on how to apply to medical school.  Any student seriously interest in medical school should enroll in that website and check it frequently.  Working with Micki Roddy, she oversees the collection and distribution of student evaluations by faculty who’ve taught them in Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Psychology as part of their medical school application.  
    During the January term, Dr. Spivey has organized Medical Internships where qualified students are paired with local physicians for intense real-world experiences that range from routine office visits to surgeries in operating rooms. She has also collaborated with Dr. Baker on the “Living in a Microbial World” interim project where students explore the role that microbes have played throughout history and in our daily lives. 
    She is married to Dr. Joseph Spivey, Associate Professor of Mathematics.  The Spiveys have two young children who provide a steady stream of evidence that we all live in a world ruled by microbes.
    Harmony K. WhiteHarmony K. White, Biology Laboratory Coordinator and Greenhouse Assistant
    B.S., Wofford College
    EmailPersonal Website

    Harmony White grew up in Columbia, SC and received a B.S. in Biology and Mathematics from Wofford in 2015. For six semesters while at Wofford, she was a laboratory teaching assistant for the first year biology labs. Her experience and expertise make her ideally suited to serve as Lab Coordinator for 2015-2016 for those labs while she decides what to pursue next. Her position allows her to interact with students in Bio 150 and Bio 151 and ensure they have an exciting introduction to Wofford biology.

    When she's not helping to run the labs or meeting with student assistants and professors, she volunteers in the cat room at the Spartanburg Humane Society. She also enjoys sewing and making costumes for her many nerdy interests.