4 to 9
70 to 90 ft. with a maximum of 150 ft.
35 to 50 ft.
Somewhat pyramidal in youth; maturing to oval-rounded
Full sun or partial shade
Deep, moist, well-drained loam with slight acidity
Greenish-yellow and tulip-like May to early June
Cone-like aggregate of samaras, 2 to 3 inches long, ¾ inch wide, eventually turning brown in October and persisting through winter
Not suitable for small or residential use, should be restricted to large areas, very large and magnificent tree when full grown, good for group plantings
native range is Massachusetts to Wisconsin, south to Florida and Mississippi, cultivated in 1663
Pests: aphids and scales; Problems: canker, leaf spot, powdery mildew, leaf yellowing, root and stem rot
Great fall colors; can be spectacularly yellow; valued for flowers and foliage