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97.American Beech

Fagus grandifolia


Tree Details

Hardiness zone:
4 to 9
Height:
50 to 70 ft. with a maximum of 100 to 120 ft.
Spread:
Usually less than or equal to the height
Habit:
: A sturdy imposing tree often with s short trunk and wide-spreading crown, a picture of character in a native situation; may sucker and form wide-ranging colonies
Light:
Does best in full sun although withstands shade
Soil:
Moist, well-drained, acid (pH 5.0 to 6.5) soil is preferable; will not withstand wet or compacted soils
Flowers:
Monecious; male and female separate on same tree; male in globose heads; pistillate in 2 to 4-flowered spikes; usually flowers in April to early May with the emerging leaves
Fruit:
Three-winged nut, solitary or 2 to 3, partly or wholly enclosed by a prickly involucre about ¾ in long, the prickles recurved; nut is edible
Landscape use:
Beautiful native tree; restricted to large area use; beautiful in parks, golf courses, and other large areas
History:
Brunswick to Ontario, south to Florida and Texas. Introduced 1800
Pests\Problems:
The following have been reported but none are particularly serious; leaf spots, powdery mildew, bleeding canker, leaf mottle, beech bark disease, cankers, aphids, brown wood borer, beech scale and caterpillars
Significant Features:
No named cultivars exist; the beech is planted for posterity; it is a climax species; the ash-brown to tan leaves persist through the winter

 

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Michael A. Dirr

Dr. Michael A. Dirr is a horticulturist associated with the University of Georgia. Dr. Dirr has published over 300 scientific and popular publications and has authored seven books, including A Manual of Woody Landscape Plants: Their Identification, Ornamental Characteristics, Culture and Propagation and Uses. It has sold more than 250,000 copies.

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Richard C. Webel

Richard C. Webel is managing director of Innocenti & Webel LLC, a renowned firm that specializes in architecture, landscape architecture and strategic planning. He collaborated on A Landscape of Continuity: The Practice of Innocenti & Webel, published by Harvard University in 1997. In addition to presenting lectures throughout the United States, he has also appeared on CNBC and CNN.