3b to 9
40 to 50 ft.
8 to 20 ft.; Extremely variable over its extensive native range
Densely pyramidal when young and slightly pendulous in old age; variable in the wild form from almost columnar to broadly pyramidal.
Prefers a sunny, airy location. Will tolerate shade only in extreme youth.
Prefers a deep moist loam on well-drained subsoil; tolerant of adverse conditions, poor gravelly soils.
Usually dioecious; staminate yellow, pistillate green; interesting in late winter, February to March. Female trees are lovely with the various colored cones, some greenish blue to frosted blue.
Cones globular or ovoid, up to ¼ inch across; brownish violet, glaucous bloomy, ripening in the first season.
An excellent, grouping, and screening plant if used with care as to color combinations.
Native habitat is East and central North America, east of the Rocky Mountains. Introduced before 1664.
Cedar apple rust and bagworms.
Useful for windbreaks, shelter belts, hedges, and topiary work. Wood is used for cedar chests, closet linings, pencils, carving, and small ornamental work.