5 to 9
40 to 50 ft.
18 to 40 ft.
Densely pyramidal in youth with branches to the ground, many trees maintaining a symmetrically conical to cylindric crown at maturity
Partial shade to full sun; avoid extremely dry, windy, unprotected places
Moderately fertile, moist, loose, acid, well-drained; does not tolerate poor drainage under cultivation
Staminate in cymes, pistillate single to 3 on a peduncle, dull white, 4-lobed, about the latest evergreen holly to flower
Berry-like, dull red rounded drupe, ¼ to ½ inch diameter, 4 pyrenes, borne singly on ¼ inch stalk, maturing in October and persisting into winter; fruit display can be spectacular on good selections
Specimen plant, grouping requires male and female for fruit set
Massachusetts to Florida, west to Missouri and Texas. Species introduced 1744
Affected by many problems including holly leaf miner, bud moth, scales, beetles, whitefly, berry midge and more
Good dark green form with heavy bright red fruit production, fairly common in Southeast; looks a little open in youth, becoming fuller with maturity