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106.‘Carolina #2’ American Holly

Ilex opaca ‘Carolina #2’

Tree Details

Hardiness zone:
5 to 9
40 to 50 ft.
18 to 40 ft.
Densely pyramidal in youth with branches to the ground, many trees maintaining a symmetrically conical to cylindric crown at maturity
Partial shade to full sun; avoid extremely dry, windy, unprotected places
Moderately fertile, moist, loose, acid, well-drained; does not tolerate poor drainage under cultivation
Staminate in cymes, pistillate single to 3 on a peduncle, dull white, 4-lobed, about the latest evergreen holly to flower
Berry-like, dull red rounded drupe, ¼ to ½ inch diameter, 4 pyrenes, borne singly on ¼ inch stalk, maturing in October and persisting into winter; fruit display can be spectacular on good selections
Landscape use:
Specimen plant, grouping requires male and female for fruit set
Massachusetts to Florida, west to Missouri and Texas. Species introduced 1744
Affected by many problems including holly leaf miner, bud moth, scales, beetles, whitefly, berry midge and more
Significant Features:
Good dark green form with heavy bright red fruit production, fairly common in Southeast; looks a little open in youth, becoming fuller with maturity


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Arboretum Consultant

Michael A. Dirr

Dr. Michael A. Dirr is a horticulturist associated with the University of Georgia. Dr. Dirr has published over 300 scientific and popular publications and has authored seven books, including A Manual of Woody Landscape Plants: Their Identification, Ornamental Characteristics, Culture and Propagation and Uses. It has sold more than 250,000 copies.

Arboretum Consultant

Richard C. Webel

Richard C. Webel is managing director of Innocenti & Webel LLC, a renowned firm that specializes in architecture, landscape architecture and strategic planning. He collaborated on A Landscape of Continuity: The Practice of Innocenti & Webel, published by Harvard University in 1997. In addition to presenting lectures throughout the United States, he has also appeared on CNBC and CNN.