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106.‘Carolina #2’ American Holly

Ilex opaca ‘Carolina #2’


Tree Details

Hardiness zone:
5 to 9
Height:
40 to 50 ft.
Spread:
18 to 40 ft.
Habit:
Densely pyramidal in youth with branches to the ground, many trees maintaining a symmetrically conical to cylindric crown at maturity
Light:
Partial shade to full sun; avoid extremely dry, windy, unprotected places
Soil:
Moderately fertile, moist, loose, acid, well-drained; does not tolerate poor drainage under cultivation
Flowers:
Staminate in cymes, pistillate single to 3 on a peduncle, dull white, 4-lobed, about the latest evergreen holly to flower
Fruit:
Berry-like, dull red rounded drupe, ¼ to ½ inch diameter, 4 pyrenes, borne singly on ¼ inch stalk, maturing in October and persisting into winter; fruit display can be spectacular on good selections
Landscape use:
Specimen plant, grouping requires male and female for fruit set
History:
Massachusetts to Florida, west to Missouri and Texas. Species introduced 1744
Pests\Problems:
Affected by many problems including holly leaf miner, bud moth, scales, beetles, whitefly, berry midge and more
Significant Features:
Good dark green form with heavy bright red fruit production, fairly common in Southeast; looks a little open in youth, becoming fuller with maturity

 

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Michael A. Dirr

Dr. Michael A. Dirr is a horticulturist associated with the University of Georgia. Dr. Dirr has published over 300 scientific and popular publications and has authored seven books, including A Manual of Woody Landscape Plants: Their Identification, Ornamental Characteristics, Culture and Propagation and Uses. It has sold more than 250,000 copies.

Arboretum Consultant

Richard C. Webel

Richard C. Webel is managing director of Innocenti & Webel LLC, a renowned firm that specializes in architecture, landscape architecture and strategic planning. He collaborated on A Landscape of Continuity: The Practice of Innocenti & Webel, published by Harvard University in 1997. In addition to presenting lectures throughout the United States, he has also appeared on CNBC and CNN.