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103.Downy Serviceberry

Amelanchier arborea


Tree Details

Hardiness zone:
4 to 9
15 to 25 ft.; can grow to 40 ft. but this is rare under cultivation
Variable spread
Multi-stemmed large shrub or small tree with a rounded crown of many small branches
Will tolerate full sun or partial shade; in the wild commonly found along borders of woodlands, stream banks and fence rows
Moist, well-drained, acid soil
White borne in pendulous racemes, 2 to 4 inches long, mid to late March (early April) about the time the leaves are emerging
Berry-like pome, orange-shaped, ¼ to 1/3 inch diameter, changing from green to red and finally to purplish black, bloomy, slightly sweetish, and birds love them
Landscape use:
Very pleasing in a naturalistic planting
Maine to Iowa, south to northern Florida and Louisiana. Introduced about 1746
Rust, witches’ broom caused by a fungus, leaf blight, fire blight, powdery mildews, fruit rot, leaf miner, borer
Significant Features:
Blends in well on the edges of woodlands, near ponds and stream banks


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Arboretum Consultant

Michael A. Dirr

Dr. Michael A. Dirr is a horticulturist associated with the University of Georgia. Dr. Dirr has published over 300 scientific and popular publications and has authored seven books, including A Manual of Woody Landscape Plants: Their Identification, Ornamental Characteristics, Culture and Propagation and Uses. It has sold more than 250,000 copies.

Arboretum Consultant

Richard C. Webel

Richard C. Webel is managing director of Innocenti & Webel LLC, a renowned firm that specializes in architecture, landscape architecture and strategic planning. He collaborated on A Landscape of Continuity: The Practice of Innocenti & Webel, published by Harvard University in 1997. In addition to presenting lectures throughout the United States, he has also appeared on CNBC and CNN.