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Liberty Tour

Tree Details

Hardiness zone:
3b to 8(9)
60 to 80 ft. but can grow to 100 ft. or more
½ to 2/3’s the height of the tree
Tall,stately tree with numerous, slender, low hung, spreading branches, pyramidal in youth; at maturity the lower drooping down then up, forming a deep, ovate, oblong, or somewhat rounded crown
Full sun or partial shade; not particularly air pollutant tolerant
prefers deep, moist, fertile soils but will grow on drier, heavier soils and is often found in the wild on the slopes of hills, even in rocky places
Perfect, pale yellow, ½ inch wide, fragrant, borne in 5 to 10(15)-flowered, 2 to 3 inches wide, pendulous cymes in mid to late June; bees supposedly make the finest honey from these flowers
Not clearly defined, but termed a nut-like structure, 1/3 to ½ inch long, grayish tomentose, subglobose, of no ornamental value, thick-shelled, without ribs
Landscape use:
Limited because of size; too many superior European species which are more tolerant and ornamental. A handsome native tree which perhaps should be left in the woods.
Canada to Virginia and Alabama, west to North Dakota, Kansas and Texas. Introduced 1752
Foliage feeding insects can damage the trees as they strip them of almost all foliage
Significant Features:
The large leaves, often silver or grey-backed are prominent


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Arboretum Consultant

Michael A. Dirr

Dr. Michael A. Dirr is a horticulturist associated with the University of Georgia. Dr. Dirr has published over 300 scientific and popular publications and has authored seven books, including A Manual of Woody Landscape Plants: Their Identification, Ornamental Characteristics, Culture and Propagation and Uses. It has sold more than 250,000 copies.

Arboretum Consultant

Richard C. Webel

Richard C. Webel is managing director of Innocenti & Webel LLC, a renowned firm that specializes in architecture, landscape architecture and strategic planning. He collaborated on A Landscape of Continuity: The Practice of Innocenti & Webel, published by Harvard University in 1997. In addition to presenting lectures throughout the United States, he has also appeared on CNBC and CNN.