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62.American Hornbeam

Carpinus caroliniana


Tree Details

Hardiness zone:
3 – 9
20 – 30 with a potential to reach 40 – 50
20 – 30
Small, multi-stemmed, bushy shrub or single-stemmed tree with a wide spreading, flat or rounded top
Sun or shade
Deep, rich, moist, slightly acidic soil preferable
Hanging catkin
Nut borne at the base of a 1 – 1 1/2 long, 3-lobed bract (winged nut)
Landscape use:
Best in naturalized situations; good street or shade tree, also used for hedges and game cover
Native range is Nova Scotia to Minnesota, south to Florida and Texas; introduced in 1812
None; Problems: leaf spot, canker
Significant Features:
Trunk interesting for sculptured appearance; tolerates heavy shade and periodic flooding; smoothly ridged or knotted bark


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Arboretum Consultant

Michael A. Dirr

Dr. Michael A. Dirr is a horticulturist associated with the University of Georgia. Dr. Dirr has published over 300 scientific and popular publications and has authored seven books, including A Manual of Woody Landscape Plants: Their Identification, Ornamental Characteristics, Culture and Propagation and Uses. It has sold more than 250,000 copies.

Arboretum Consultant

Richard C. Webel

Richard C. Webel is managing director of Innocenti & Webel LLC, a renowned firm that specializes in architecture, landscape architecture and strategic planning. He collaborated on A Landscape of Continuity: The Practice of Innocenti & Webel, published by Harvard University in 1997. In addition to presenting lectures throughout the United States, he has also appeared on CNBC and CNN.