arboretum1

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62.American Hornbeam

Carpinus caroliniana

 

Tree Details

Hardiness zone:
3 – 9
Height:
20 – 30 with a potential to reach 40 – 50
Spread:
20 – 30
Habit:
Small, multi-stemmed, bushy shrub or single-stemmed tree with a wide spreading, flat or rounded top
Light:
Sun or shade
Soil:
Deep, rich, moist, slightly acidic soil preferable
Flowers:
Hanging catkin
Fruit:
Nut borne at the base of a 1 – 1 1/2 long, 3-lobed bract (winged nut)
Landscape use:
Best in naturalized situations; good street or shade tree, also used for hedges and game cover
History:
Native range is Nova Scotia to Minnesota, south to Florida and Texas; introduced in 1812
Pests\Problems:
None; Problems: leaf spot, canker
Significant Features:
Trunk interesting for sculptured appearance; tolerates heavy shade and periodic flooding; smoothly ridged or knotted bark