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Tree Details

Hardiness zone:
7 – 8 (9)
Height:
40 – 70  but has been known to reach 150 – 200
Spread:
maximum of 150
Habit:
In youth: broadly pyramidal; At maturity: wide-spreading and flat topped
Light:
Best in sun or partial shade
Soil:
Well-drained, somewhat dry, moderately fertile soil
Flowers:
Cones: male – finger-shaped cones, very densely set, more numerous on lower portion of tree; female – stout, erect cones initially purple in color and found in upper portion of tree;
Fruit:
4  long, upright cones found on upper side of branches, green while developing, finally brown
Landscape use:
Excellent evergreen specimen tree also used as a screen in large scale areas
History:
Native range is Himalayan Mountains from east Afghanistan to Garwhal; introduced 1831
Pests\Problems:
Pests: borers
Significant Features:
Rapid growth rate; lower limbs may touch ground

 

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Arboretum Consultant

Michael A. Dirr

Dr. Michael A. Dirr is a horticulturist associated with the University of Georgia. Dr. Dirr has published over 300 scientific and popular publications and has authored seven books, including A Manual of Woody Landscape Plants: Their Identification, Ornamental Characteristics, Culture and Propagation and Uses. It has sold more than 250,000 copies.

Arboretum Consultant

Richard C. Webel

Richard C. Webel is managing director of Innocenti & Webel LLC, a renowned firm that specializes in architecture, landscape architecture and strategic planning. He collaborated on A Landscape of Continuity: The Practice of Innocenti & Webel, published by Harvard University in 1997. In addition to presenting lectures throughout the United States, he has also appeared on CNBC and CNN.