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12.Black Gum

Nyssa sylvatica

 

Tree Details

Hardiness zone:
4 – 9
Height:
usually 30 – 50 , rarely to over 100
Spread:
20 – 30
Habit:
In youth: pyramidal with dense branching; At maturity: irregularly rounded or flat-topped with horizontal branches
Light:
Best in sun or partial shade
Soil:
Well-drained, acidic soil, but can be found growing wild in dry or less commonly moist soils
Flowers:
Flowers and fruit are inconspicuous
Fruit:
Flowers and fruit are inconspicuous
Landscape use:
Specimen or shade tree or for naturalizing in groves
History:
Native range is Maine, Ontario, Michigan to Florida and Texas; introduced before 1750
Pests\Problems:
Difficult to transplant because of taproot
Significant Features:
A most beautiful native tree in leaf – lustrous, dark green above during the growing season changing to brilliant yellow to orange to scarlet to purple colors in the fall

 

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Arboretum Consultant

Michael A. Dirr

Dr. Michael A. Dirr is a horticulturist associated with the University of Georgia. Dr. Dirr has published over 300 scientific and popular publications and has authored seven books, including A Manual of Woody Landscape Plants: Their Identification, Ornamental Characteristics, Culture and Propagation and Uses. It has sold more than 250,000 copies.

Arboretum Consultant

Richard C. Webel

Richard C. Webel is managing director of Innocenti & Webel LLC, a renowned firm that specializes in architecture, landscape architecture and strategic planning. He collaborated on A Landscape of Continuity: The Practice of Innocenti & Webel, published by Harvard University in 1997. In addition to presenting lectures throughout the United States, he has also appeared on CNBC and CNN.